Department of Agriculture High Value Crops Development Program (RA 7900) Copyright 2013 • Department of Agriculture - HVCDP VARIETIES Carabao - Originated from India, Burma and Malaya (Indo-Burma region) - Tree has coarse, large and conical trunk with shallow and small cracks on bark, canopy dome shaped - Fruit is elongated and kidney-shaped, weighs about 240 grams with thin, yellow pulp, very tender taste and slight aroma Pico - Originated from India, Burma and Malaya - T rees has upright growth, open crown; has deeper cracks on barks  Kidney-shaped fruit weighing about 230 grams; distinct beak on the apex, flesh is fibrous and thick, light orange yellow and sweeter than carabao variety Katchamita - Originated from India - Has compact crown and lower tree stand than 'Carabao' and 'Pico' - ruit is small to medium, rounded/oval, green skin with yellowish flesh and preferably eaten as green Other varieties  Other less important mango cultivars include 'Pahutan', 'Dubul', 'Binoboy' and Señorita  Aside from the University of the Philippines in Los Baños, Laguna which keeps 50 varieties of mango from all over the world, the National Mango Research and Development Center (BPI- NMRDC) in Guimaras, has a collection of different varieties of mango, as well as strains of 'Carabao' mango in the genebank. Soil and Climatic Requirements Mango grows best at tropical places with temperatures ranging from 21oC-27oC and a well- distributed annual rainfall.  Elevation - within 600 meters above sea level  Temperature - 21oC - 27oC  Weather - Distinct wet and dry (3-5 months dry). Plenty of sunlight.  Soil - Loamy, relatively high in organic matter with a good water holding capacity, soil pH of 6.0-7.0  Drainage - well-drained soil; less moisture level needed during maturation of leaves and buds, flowering, fruit set and ripening INDUSTRY/ COMMODITY PROFILE Mango is the third most important fruit crop of the country based on export volume and value next to banana and pineapple. It has established domestic market and has bright opportunities for the international market (fresh or processed form). The country’s export variety, the ‘Carabao’ is one of the best varieties in the world. About 73% of the total area planted is owned by small farmers and 24% operates farm sizes 3 to 9.99 hectares. About 70% of production is consumed locally. Mango industry supports about 2.5M farmers. The predominant cultivars such as ‘Pico’, ‘Pahutan’ to name a few abound in the country. NATIONAL PRODUCTION (Source: Bureau of Agricultural Statistics)  In 2011, Philippines has an existing production area of 187,073 hectares that has produced a volume of 788,074 MT.    Mango production dropped by 5.38% in 2011. Reduction of flower induction due to frequent rains was observed in Western Visayas, Central Visayas and SOCCSKSARGEN. Lower volume of fruits harvested in Northern Mindanao was observed. In Zamboanga del Sur, failed induction of mango trees was reported due to rains and strong winds. Lesser number of trees was induced in Misamis Occidental.  Ilocos Region attained the highest production with 276,661 MT followed by Zamboanga Peninsula with 78,411 and Central Luzon with 64,053 MT.  On the other hand, Central Luzon has the highest existing area of 33,678 hectares, followed by Ilocos Region with 21,341 hectares and Davao Region with 17,761 hectares. FOREIGN TRADE/EXPORT (Source: National Statistics Office 2011)  Philippines’ exported volume in 2011 was 21,081 MT for fresh mango worth $16 million and  for dried about 9,464 MT valued at $79.5 Million;  For fresh mango top major export destinations include Hongkong, Japan, South Korea, Singapore and USA. For dried , top export market include USA, Japan, Hongkong, Canada and China. SWOT ANALYSIS Strength  We have one of the best fresh mangoes in the world  We are producing the best processed mangoes  Grown in most parts of the country  Year-round production  Availability of production and processing technologies  Priority fruit crop supported by major programs of DA, DOST, DTI and DOT Weakness  Predominance of backyard farms posing quality control problems  Erratic and relatively low yield  Susceptibility to a range of insect pests, diseases and disorders  Short storage life  High freight cost  Insufficient supply  Disaggregate sector and multi-layered marketing resulting in inefficiencies  High cost of production  Lower yield due to pest and diseases, climate change and poor farming practices resulting in the wrong application of technologies (fertilizers and insecticide) Opportunities  Large domestic market/demand.  High demand in the international market for fresh, dried and puree  Strategic geographical location in ASEAN and whole Asian markets.  Expanding export markets Threats  Strong competition from imported fruits.  Stiff competition from other mango producing countries (Mexico, Thailand, Vietnam)  Predominance of Florida types in the world market  Climate change  Emergence of new pests and diseases  Massive cutting of mango trees  Declining number of mango growers/spray contractors/financiers