Department of Agriculture
High Value Crops Development Program (RA 7900)
Copyright 2013 • Department of Agriculture - HVCDP
- Originated from India, Burma and Malaya (Indo-Burma region)
- Tree has coarse, large and conical trunk with shallow and small cracks on bark, canopy dome
- Fruit is elongated and kidney-shaped, weighs about 240 grams with thin, yellow pulp, very
tender taste and slight aroma
- Originated from India, Burma and Malaya
- T rees has upright growth, open crown; has deeper cracks on barks
Kidney-shaped fruit weighing about 230 grams; distinct beak on the apex, flesh is fibrous and
thick, light orange yellow and sweeter than carabao variety
- Originated from India
- Has compact crown and lower tree stand than 'Carabao' and 'Pico'
- ruit is small to medium, rounded/oval, green skin with yellowish flesh and preferably eaten as
Other less important mango cultivars include 'Pahutan', 'Dubul', 'Binoboy' and Señorita
Aside from the University of the Philippines in Los Baños, Laguna which keeps 50 varieties of
mango from all over the world, the National Mango Research and Development Center (BPI-
NMRDC) in Guimaras, has a collection of different varieties of mango, as well as strains of
'Carabao' mango in the genebank.
Soil and Climatic Requirements
Mango grows best at tropical places with temperatures ranging from 21oC-27oC and a well-
distributed annual rainfall.
Elevation - within 600 meters above sea level
Temperature - 21oC - 27oC
Weather - Distinct wet and dry (3-5 months dry). Plenty of sunlight.
Soil - Loamy, relatively high in organic matter with a good water holding capacity, soil pH of 6.0-7.0
Drainage - well-drained soil; less moisture level needed during maturation of leaves and buds,
flowering, fruit set and ripening
INDUSTRY/ COMMODITY PROFILE
Mango is the third most important fruit crop of the country based on export volume and value
next to banana and pineapple. It has established domestic market and has bright opportunities for
the international market (fresh or processed form). The country’s export variety, the ‘Carabao’ is
one of the best varieties in the world. About 73% of the total area planted is owned by small
farmers and 24% operates farm sizes 3 to 9.99 hectares. About 70% of production is consumed
locally. Mango industry supports about 2.5M farmers. The predominant cultivars such as ‘Pico’,
‘Pahutan’ to name a few abound in the country.
NATIONAL PRODUCTION (Source: Bureau of Agricultural Statistics)
In 2011, Philippines has an existing production area of 187,073
hectares that has produced a volume of 788,074 MT.
Mango production dropped by 5.38% in 2011. Reduction of flower
induction due to frequent rains was observed in Western Visayas,
Central Visayas and SOCCSKSARGEN. Lower volume of fruits
harvested in Northern Mindanao was observed. In Zamboanga del
Sur, failed induction of mango trees was reported due to rains and
strong winds. Lesser number of trees was induced in Misamis
Ilocos Region attained the highest production with 276,661 MT
followed by Zamboanga Peninsula with 78,411 and Central Luzon
with 64,053 MT.
On the other hand, Central Luzon has the highest existing area
of 33,678 hectares, followed by Ilocos Region with 21,341 hectares
and Davao Region with 17,761 hectares.
FOREIGN TRADE/EXPORT (Source: National Statistics Office 2011)
Philippines’ exported volume in 2011 was 21,081 MT for fresh
mango worth $16 million and for dried about 9,464 MT valued
at $79.5 Million;
For fresh mango top major export destinations include Hongkong,
Japan, South Korea, Singapore and USA. For dried , top export
market include USA, Japan, Hongkong, Canada and China.
We have one of the best fresh mangoes in the world
We are producing the best processed mangoes
Grown in most parts of the country
Availability of production and processing technologies
Priority fruit crop supported by major programs of DA,
DOST, DTI and DOT
Predominance of backyard farms posing quality
Erratic and relatively low yield
Susceptibility to a range of insect pests, diseases and
Short storage life
High freight cost
Disaggregate sector and multi-layered marketing
resulting in inefficiencies
High cost of production
Lower yield due to pest and diseases, climate change
and poor farming practices resulting in the wrong
application of technologies (fertilizers and insecticide)
Large domestic market/demand.
High demand in the international market for fresh,
dried and puree
Strategic geographical location in ASEAN and whole
Expanding export markets
Strong competition from imported fruits.
Stiff competition from other mango producing
countries (Mexico, Thailand, Vietnam)
Predominance of Florida types in the world market
Emergence of new pests and diseases
Massive cutting of mango trees
Declining number of mango growers/spray